Akhaura Upazila

Akhaura Upazila (brahmanbaria district) with an area of 99.28 sq km, is bounded by brahmanbaria sadar upazila on the north, kasba upazila on the south, Tripura State of India on the east and brahmanbaria sadar upazila on the west. Main rivers are Pagla. Mandail Beel is notable.

Akhaura (Town) The town is now a municipality with an area of 2.35 sq km and population 32435; male 50.43%, female 49.57%. It has 9 wards and 23 mahallas. Literacy rate among the town people is 51.5%. Akhaura is an important Railway Junction of Bangladesh. Chittagong, Sylhet, Mymensingh and Dhaka are connected through this Junction. The town has two dakbungalows. Railway pollice thana 1.

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Administration Akhaura thana, now an upazila, was established in 1976. The upazila consists of five union parishads, 107 mouzas and 225 villages.

Archaeological heritage and relics Kella Shaheed Durga, Mathkhola at Mogra, Kachhari (revenue office) of Maharaja and Kali Mandir.

Historical events During the British period Akhaura Town was a famous jute-trading centre. Bailed jute used to be exported to the industrial city Dandy of England from here. During the war of liberation Bir Srestha mohammad mostafa kamal was killed in an encounter with the Pak army at village Daruin of the Akhaura Sector.

Marks of War of Liberation Mass killing site 2, western bank of the Gangasagar Dighi and Ajampur; mass grave 1 at Sonarabadia; the tomb of Shaheed (myrtar) Bir Srestha Sepahi Mostafa Kamal is located at Akhaura.

Population 112982; male 51.45%, female 48.55%; Muslim 92.54%; Hindu 7.20% and others 0.26%.

Religious institutions Mosque 115, temple 3.

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 31.5%; male 37.8% and female 25.1%. Educational institutions: college 1, high school 11, madrasa 5, government primary school 35, non-government primary school 11, technical institute 1. Noted educational institutions: Debgram Pilot High School (1905), Bangladesh Railway Government High School (1920) and Shaheed Smriti College (1972).

Cultural organisations Club 23, public library 2, cinema hall 2, music group 1.

Locally published newspapers and periodicals Desh Darpan (extinct).

Main occupations Agriculture 43.59%, agricultural labourer 14.61%, wage labourer 2.45%, commerce 13.11%, service 9.65%, fishing 1.24%, transport 2.96% and others 2.39%.

Land use Total cultivable land 6779.44 hectares, fallow land 2423.31 hectares; single crop land 75%, double crop 20% and treble crop land 5%; land under irrigation 73.19%.

Land control Among the peasants 24% are landless, 36% small, 28% intermediate and 12% rich; cultivable land per head 0.4 hectare.

Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is 6000 Taka per 0.01 hectare.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, potato, onion, garlic, chilli and vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Jute, tobacco, sesame and koun.

Main fruits Mango, jack fruit, litchi, guava, papaya and banana.

Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 11, fishery 1 and hatchery 1.

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 33.36 km, semi pucca 26 km and mud road 83 km; water ways 37 km; railway junction 1.

Traditional transport palanquin, horse carriage and bullock cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.

Manufactories Rice mill 4, welding 12.

Cottage industries Weaving 10, bamboo works 75, goldsmith 70, blacksmith 15, potteries 30, wood works 45.

Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 16 the most noted of which are Mogara and Akhaura; fair- 3, Kendua Mela, Tribeni Mela and Shivabari Mela.

Main exports Jackfruit, guava, litchi and vegetables.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, proshika, asa, grameen bank, and ABC.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 5 and satellite clinic 4. [Mohammad Mofiz Uddin]

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